General Multifuel Questions
Who is Multifuel Energy Limited (MEL)?
MEL is a 50:50 joint venture partnership between SSE plc and Wheelabrator Technologies Inc.
SSE is one the UK’s leading energy companies. SSE is involved in the generation, transmission, distribution and supply of electricity; and are the UK’s largest non-nuclear electricity generator operating a diverse generation portfolio across the UK and Ireland including gas, oil, coal, biomass, hydro and wind.
Wheelabrator Technologies Inc. is a world leader in the safe and environmentally sound conversion of municipal solid waste and other renewable waste fuels into clean energy.
What types of fuel are used at a multifuel plant?
Multifuel power stations generate electricity and heat from a range of low carbon fuel sources including fuels produced from waste, known as ‘waste derived fuels’.
The waste derived fuels used in multifuel power stations are produced from materials such as municipal solid waste, commercial and industrial waste and waste wood. These are first processed at an off-site facility to remove recyclable materials. The remaining materials are then delivered to the power station by road or rail to be used as a low carbon fuel.
Where will the fuel come from?
Much of the fuel for FM1 is coming from the local area, through contracts with Bradford, Doncaster and Rotherham, as well as Wakefield Councils.
All of the fuel for FM1 has now been sourced. It is hoped that future fuel supplies for FM2 will come from local, regional and national suppliers. This will be assessed and evolve as the project develops further.
Where will the fuel be stored?
The fuel will come to site in sealed containers, which will be opened in the indoor fuel reception area. All fuel handling will be in a self contained building. The fuel store is an integral part of the main boiler structure, and air is drawn from the fuel reception building into the boilers thereby maintaining a negative pressure, which will reduce the possibility of odours and dust escaping from the fuel reception area.
Will the facility take fuel derived from hazardous waste?
No. The proposed facility has not been designed to take hazardous waste and would not be permitted to do so. It would only be able to accept the wastes specified under the Environmental Permit granted by the Environment Agency.
What will be the impact on traffic?
Fuel will need to be delivered to the site and ash taken away and we are continuing to examine the alternative options to road. However, as these options are still under consideration, as a precaution we will be assessing the impacts on the local area should all the transport movements be made by road.
It is envisaged that the construction of Dish Hill Roundabout as part of FM1, which is expected to be completed by the end of this year, will take HGV traffic away from the centre of Ferrybridge and Brotherton, removing the traffic from the residential areas and improving road safety.
Will emissions from the facility damage people’s health?
Emissions are tightly controlled and monitored and the view of the experts responsible for protecting our health is clear and unambiguous. After reviewing the latest literature, the Public Health England’s general position remains unchanged: ‘Modern, well managed incinerators make only a small contribution to local concentrations of air pollutants. It is possible that such small additions could have an impact on health but such effects, if they exist, are likely to be very small and not detectable.’ (Health Protection Agency, February 2010) For more information, please visit https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/public-health-england
What is Ferrybridge Multifuel 2 (FM2)?
MEL is proposing to build a second multifuel power station at Ferrybridge – this project is known as Ferrybridge Multifuel 2 (FM2).
FM2 will be similar to the FM1 facility currently under construction, and be capable of producing around 68MW of low carbon electricity, enough to supply around 160,000 homes*. The electricity will be supplied to the electricity grid and to achieve this, a new connection will need to be made. As was undertaken for FM1, an evaluation of the potential for exporting heat to available off-site users is being undertaken.
Similarly to FM1, the energy will be produced by burning waste derived fuels from various sources of processed municipal solid waste, commercial and industrial waste and waste wood, which will be provided by local, regional and national producers. The waste will be processed by other parties off-site to remove recyclable materials and create the fuel before being delivered to FM2.
The FM2 project gained planning consent on 28 October 2015. Subject to an investment decision, construction of FM2 could begin in 2016 and the power station could be operational by 2019.
Why are you planning to build another multifuel power station when the first one isn’t finished yet?
There has been significant interest from suppliers in providing fuel to the FM1 power station, providing evidence of sufficient demand and fuel availability for a second facility. This has led to the decision to pursue the development of a second multifuel facility at the Ferrybridge site.
The UK needs to develop new facilities to generate electricity to provide secure, clean, affordable energy and reduce carbon emissions from energy generation. The new multifuel power station will contribute towards preventing a shortfall in electricity in the future as an increasing number of the UK’s aging oil, coal and nuclear power stations close.
As well as generating low carbon energy, the construction of a second multifuel power station at Ferrybridge will also further reduce the amount of waste that goes to landfill. This will help the UK meet the landfill diversion targets set out in the European Landfill Directive.
What is the process for developing the plans for FM2?
The FM2 consultation timetable is as follows:
• A series of informal consultation events were held between 3rd and 6th July 2013. The informal consultation ran until 6th September 2013.
• A formal consultation period ran between 4 November and 20 December 2013
• A Development Consent Order application was accepted by the Planning Inspectorate in September 2014
• The Planning Inspectorate examined the application during Q1 2015 and made a recommendation to the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change in July 2015.
• On 28 October 2015, the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change granted planning consent.
How many jobs will Multifuel at Ferrybridge create (in construction, operation and through third party suppliers)?
FM1 and FM2 will be run as separate facilities. FM2 is expected to:
- Create approximately 350 jobs during the three year construction period.
- Provide up to 50 full time jobs once the power station is operational.
- Create secondary jobs associated with fuel deliveries and the wider supply chain.
- Provide further financial benefits to the local economy via contract opportunities for local businesses and a positive knock-on effect for local hotels, shops, petrol stations etc.
FM1 has already created in excess of 500 jobs at the peak of construction, involved around 30 local companies and the local economy is expected to benefit from around £10 million of additional business for local hotels, restaurants and other service providers. It is expected that FM2 would create similar benefits.
*Based on the industry average annual household consumption of 3,300 KWh of electricity and using a base load of circa 70MW net export capacity utilised for 8000 hours per annum.